"The term “text structure” refers to how information is organized in a passage. The structure of a text can change multiple times in a work and even within a paragraph. Students are often required to identify text structures on state reading tests; therefore, it is important that they are given exposure to the various patterns of organization." (EReading Worksheets)
Informational Text Structures:
- Text Structure: How the information in a text is organized.
- Spatial/Description: When the author gives features, characteristics, or examples of a topic.
- Sequence: When the author lists items or events in order; steps in a process, chronologically, or by order of importance.
- Compare and Contrast: When the author shows how things are similar or different.
- Cause and Effect: When the author lists one or more causes and resulting effects or effect.
- Problem and Solution: When the author states a problem or conflict and then gives one or more possible or proven solutions.
Don't forget, the only text structure used for FICTION texts is Sequence: Chronological Order. All fictional texts can be put into a plot diagram. If you take the ends of the diagram and stretch them out, you have a timeline of events.
As always, take some time to practice identifying text structures on our classroom Symbaloo games and practice activities!